Contact dermatitis is a condition where the skin becomes sore, red, itchy, or swollen after contact with an irritant or allergen. These reactions are not life-threatening or contagious, but they may be uncomfortable or embarrassing. Contact dermatitis is very common. However, it is also very difficult to diagnose because reactions are usually delayed, making it harder to determine their cause.
Symptoms of contact dermatitis will usually occur on the areas of your skin that were directly exposed to the offending substance – under your watchband or where you touched the poison ivy, for example. However, some reactions do not follow this trend. One example: you use sunscreen on your whole body, but only your face may react. Also, if the offending substance is an oral medication, food, flavoring, etc., your reaction site may be less predictable.
It is important to note that reactions can occur immediately, after several hours or days, or only after years of exposure. Also, different types of contact dermatitis and different contact allergens and irritants will cause different types of symptoms.
Some possible symptoms:
Irritant contact dermatitis is the result of damage to your epidermis (the skin’s protective outer layer) by a chemical or substance. The severity of the reaction is determined by how long you were exposed and how strong or concentrated the substance is. Irritant contact dermatitis is the most common type of contact dermatitis. This is not an allergy – it is just an irritant.
Allergic contact dermatitis is when an allergen causes an immune reaction on your skin. You can be sensitized to a stronger allergen (like poison oak or poison ivy) after only one exposure. A weaker allergen may require several exposures over months or years before it will trigger an allergy. Unfortunately, once you have developed an allergy to a particular substance, you will probably be allergic to it for the rest of your life. Allergy testing by one of doctors may help identify what your allergies are. The AllergyCorp Group physicians are experts in diagnosing what is causing your allergic reaction. Unfortunately, the only allergy cure is to avoid contact with these allergens.
Photoallergic contact dermatitis is a kind of allergic contact dermatitis where the reaction only occurs after your skin is exposed to sunlight. One example: you put on sunscreen and you are fine, but when you go out in the sun, you experience a reaction. This allergic reaction is much more difficult to diagnose.
Allergy patch testing is the primary type of allergy testing recommended for patients with potential allergic contact dermatitis. It is performed at the Allergy Skin Disorders Clinic on Wednesday, Friday and Wednesday the following week. In this type of allergy test, small amounts of potential allergens/irritants are applied to patches that are (carefully) taped onto your skin, usually on your back. You return to the clinic a couple of days later and the patches are removed. The staff will then evaluate your back to look for raised bumps, rashes, blisters, etc. that may have developed on your skin. These reactions indicate what allergies may be causing your allergic contact dermatitis. After this second visit, your AllergyCorp Group doctor will ask you to come back for a second and third or finale visit to check for any delayed reactions. Remember that while the patches are on your back, you cannot get them wet and should minimize activities that cause you to sweat.
The first thing you should do if you suspect you have allergy or irritant contact dermatitis is to wash your skin with soap and water – gently but thoroughly – to remove any traces of the allergen or irritant that may still be there. You should also try and wash any surfaces (like the dog, the table, etc.) that may also be contaminated. If you know or suspect what caused your reaction and can then avoid that offending substance, symptoms usually resolve in 2-4 weeks. In the meantime, you may want to try some of these measures to soothe your skin and reduce inflammation:
If the symptoms do not resolve in a reasonable amount of time, AllergyCorp Group doctor may suggest the following:
These allergy medications will generally accelerate the healing process and help you feel better, faster.
If you are experiencing contact dermatitis, the specialists and associates at the AllergyCorp Group want to help. We have access to the latest testing and treatments, and we have convenient Allergy Skin Disorders clinic in Wilmington and Whiteville.